8 Factors to Consider When Choosing a Dog Breed

Dog's head laying on dog bed

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Dog breed is an essential consideration when adopting a dog, as it helps you understand and predict their behavior. Various dog breeds require different training and care methods. Owning a dog is a commitment and choosing a breed that’s right for you ensures that you’ll keep it happy while fulfilling its needs. Here are the factors to consider when selecting a dog breed.

1. Temperament

A dog’s general temperament is essential to evaluate when picking a dog. Some breeds are more affectionate and friendly such as the Australian Bulldog, while others are aggressive. Calm, friendly dogs are an ideal option for families with kids. You can research online to learn how different dog breeds behave or find out from family and friends who own dogs. Getting younger puppies means that you can mold their temperaments through proper training and socialization.

2. Activity level

High-energy dogs require high amounts of mental stimulation and exercise and are more likely to spend most of their time playing and jumping. Dogs with low activity levels don’t need a lot of exercises and may find it hard to keep up with you if you’re a very active person. If you love hiking, camping, or exercising, high activity level dogs are the best option. Choose a dog breed whose needs align with yours so you won’t have an issue bonding and ensuring they remain healthy.

3. Physical maintenance

Dog maintenance can be tasking, especially if they need regular grooming or have special grooming needs. While every dog requires grooming, the frequency depends on the type of their hair coats. For example, American collies and Eskimos have long hair that grows very fast, requiring advanced, regular grooming. Others like pugs are short-haired, so they don’t need regular grooming.

Dog breeds that require specialized grooming are likely to cost you more, so be sure you can afford the maintenance costs of your preferred dog breed.

4. Dog coat type

Dog coats differ based on the fur’s texture and length and if it’s a single or double coat. There are various dog coat types, including short, medium and long, double and single, curly, silky, and rough. You can also find wire-coated, smooth, and hairless dogs.

When choosing a dog breed, consider the coat’s shedding, maintenance, and if anyone from your household suffers from allergies. Dog coat trouble such as greasy, dry, and brittle may signify that the dog has an underlying issue. If you experience allergies, go for breeds with hypoallergenic coats. 

5. Size

Your dog’s size determines how much space they’ll need, making your living space a major deciding factor when picking a dog breed. If you live in a small house, you may not have enough space to accommodate a big dog. Consider whether you have enough space outside where your dog can play and exercise. Choose your dog breed depending on your home’s available space to ensure comfort and happiness.

6. Schedule

Being a pet parent is a commitment that may warrant you to adjust your schedule to take on your new responsibility. Consider how much time in a day you can train your dog and if you can take a high-activity dog out for walks and exercises every day. The time and attention a dog receives significantly impacts its behavior, so choose wisely.

7. Costs involved

All dogs have needs that you must meet. However, the cost varies depending on the breed. Before settling for a specific dog breed, consider its needs and gauge your financial capacity. When choosing a dog breed, evaluate health care and routine vaccinations, food types and treats, grooming supplies, and other unique requirements. Some dogs may need more extensive medical care, while bigger breeds will have greater food expenses. 

8. Family members needs

Before adopting a dog, it is advisable to take into consideration the human members of your family. Small children aren’t good companions for small dogs, as they could inadvertently harm them. Some breeds are excessively protective or loyal and they may not be the right for you if you are a very socially active family. Frequent intrusions from strangers would stress such dogs. 

Additionally, it is recommended to get hypo-allergic breeds if you have a family member who is allergic to animals. While there is no non-allergic dog, some shed less making them more comfortable to live with for allergic people. 


Selecting the right dog breed ensures that you can adequately care for it while maintaining its health and happiness. Consider the above factors when choosing a dog breed to make an informed choice.

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